The National Economic Supply guarantees the availability of goods and services that are essential if a modern economy and society is to function properly. In the event of supply shortages, it intervenes in the market with measures to plug the gaps in supply.
The task of the National Economic Supply is set out in Article 102 of the Federal Constitution:
1 The Confederation shall ensure that the country is supplied with essential goods and services in the event of the threat of politico-military strife or war, or of severe shortages that the economy cannot by itself counteract. It shall take precautionary measures to address these matters.
2 In exercising its powers under this Article, it may if necessary depart from the principle of economic freedom.